Learning and creativity are both best achieved in a model which is self-directed, with a director or teacher at best in the role of mentor. Computer technology has fostered a return to this concept since the 1960s and recent advances have accelerated the trend. MOOCs might be an example.
The better thinkers exploring new ways for students to learn ask the question "what society will these children live in?" This question opens up an exploration of personal relationships in the future and the nature of work, to name just two key considerations. Gradually and grudgingly the world is coming to realize that an education system designed in the early 19th century is in need of overhaul. Soon perhaps more people will come to realize that democratic government is in need of an overhaul or perhaps a return to its original concepts.
One group exploring these issues is Exobase. They describe themselves:
"A place to figure out life, to learn, to build life-long friendships and partnerships, to do extraordinary things with your unique talents, and to learn how to make an independent income."
Exobase is part of a trend that I plan to follow and write about more. Exobase is an "alternative education" provider, an alternative to traditional degree granting universities. These alternative providers potentially could also serve the mid-life student who needs to learn new subjects that did not exist when they went to school (AI comes to mind).
Thank you to @Mariana_Lud for the heads up on Exobase.